Islamic perspective on philosophy of education
Philosophy is the study of reality, the acquisition of wisdom, the explanation of the general principles of life. It includes the conceptual and practical eternal truth. It has five fields – anthropology, metaphysics, aesthetics, ethics and history. Philosophy is a tool used to discover the truth or to find the truth, which is both a stimulus and a deception. The philosophy of upbringing is a branch of general philosophy that derives its strength from knowledge. It defines the goals, objectives, or content of knowledge that affects the entire learning environment, society, and the next generation.
The philosophy of education is based on the general principles of psychology, sociology, politics, economics, history, science and religion. Education is a double standard. It is static and dynamic. The important part is dynamic or temporary, adapts to changes and transformations in education, social structure and civilization, while the small but important part is static or permanent. The use and interpretation of this material, which is an important component, is dynamic and we have suggested that the content of education should be permanent. We have adopted a multidisciplinary approach to educational content. This analysis meets the needs of individuals, society and time and includes the cultural, social and professional goals of education.
Education can be formal or informal. Formal education is provided in schools, colleges or universities, while non-formal education specializes in society and the environment. Education is formal and informal through the reflection and experience of the individual. So we are all students of our lives. However, we are going to analyze the philosophy (aims and objectives) of formal education. In addition, there are three levels of knowledge – primary, secondary and advanced. Primary education works with children between the ages of 3 and 11, secondary education includes young people between the ages of 12 and 18, and higher education helps young students over the age of 18. Each level of education requires a unique approach.
The content of education is different from society. Secular society treats material differently than some ideological societies. In addition, the interpretation or activation of content may vary in different societies. Our analysis is based on ideology and the Islamic approach to education.
The word “education” is derived from the Latin word education, education or teacher. Education means education, upbringing, education. The first is that education is an external thing. External input means that the external environment plays an important role in the learning process. The second shows growth from within. This means that the individual’s inner abilities are very important in the learning process, and the external environment is second to none in the learning process. Social philosophers pay close attention to the external requirements of the teaching process, while naturalists / psychologists pay close attention to the internal changes in the learning process. We hypothesized a mixed and balanced approach to the role and importance of the internal and external environment in the learning process.
Aristotle defined knowledge as a necessary process for the development of a good body, and in his words the purpose and purpose of knowledge is to make good and good citizens. In the fourteenth century, Ibn Khaldun said that knowledge consists of the development of hidden abilities, the development of hidden virtues and the transmission of folk culture to the next generation through intellectual, social and moral education. Dewey defined education in the twentieth century as: “Education is the process of living by constantly recreating experience. It develops the skills that enable it to control and act on its environment.” We can identify children as a means of developing their genetic abilities to solve current and future problems, as knowledge, ways of thinking and adult behavior.